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resurgence

E d i t o r : Satish K um a r M a n a g i n g E d i t o r :

J u n e Mitchell A r t E d i t o r : J o h n Lane

P o e t r y E d i t o r : Maya K um a r Mitchell E d i t o r i a l A s s i s t a n t

Angela Burke D e s i g n : David Baker S u b E d i t o r : Geoffrey C ooper

A s s o c i a t e E d i t o r s : H e rb e r t G ira rd e t , Jay Griffiths, Hazel H e n d e r so n , David Kingsley

Jam e s a n d M a rg a re t Sainsbury

A d m i n : Lynn B atten

T y p e s e t t i n g : I. D. Luckett, St. Austell, Cornwall

P r i n t e r : K ingfisher P rin t, Totnes, Devon

P a t r o n s : Maurice Ash, R oger Franklin, Doug Tompkins,

Michael Watt, Louise White

L i f e S u b s c r i b e r s : Klaas a n d Lise Berkeley, H e rm a n n G ra l-H a tz fe ld ,

J o h n Pontin ISSN 0034-5970

A g e n ts a n d D i s t r i b u t o r s :

A u s t r a l i a : Tasmanian Environm ent Centre, 102 Bathurst St., Hobart, Tasmania,

Australia, 7000. Tel: 03 6234 5566. Fax: 03 6234 5543.

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Resurgence, PO Box 404, Freeland,

WA 98249, USA.

R e s u r g e n c e W eb s i te :

www.resurgence.org

CONTENTS

COVER Flordali II, 1981 Reprinted from Dali Catalogue Raisonne of Prints II. Prestel, Munich/New York, 1995.

F E A T U R E S 8 THE SEED BARONS A N D R EW SIMMS Seed companies are using poverty as an excuse to impose control on w o r ld food.

1 1 THE MYTH OF PROGRESS J O H N GRAY I f we redesign nature to f i t human wishes, we risk making i t a m ir ro r o f our lim ita tions.

1 4 R IC H IN THINGS, P O O R IN TIME W O LFGANG SACHS Poverty o f tim e degrades the wealth o f goods.

2 0 FRONTYARD AND BACKYARD OF DEVELOPMENT KAMLA C H OW D H R Y The Frontyard is fille d w ith people o f power and the Backyard embodies the rural realities o f India.

4 6 YOUNG AWAKENING YU IL L H E R B E T A N D AISHWARYA RATAN Visions and concerns.

R E A D I N G S 13 PO ISONOUS PLASTICS JE F F R E Y K LU G ER Some clingwraps may be carrying toxic chemicals.

2 4 ISLAM IN THE M ODERN WORLD M A SO UM EH E B T E K A R Consumerism is a culture o f l iv in g w ith o u t responsibility.

3 4 THE NUCLEAR COST S T E P H E N SCHW A R TZ Nuclear weapons are a useless burden.

P O P U L A T I O N

1 6 CONVIVIAL COMMUNITIES DAVID SKRBINA O p t im um population has tw o factors: people and land; both must be considered together.

E C O N O M Y 2 2 IS THERE ENOUGH MONEY? P E T E R LANG Let us free money from the banks.

S C I E N C E

2 8 TELL ME WHAT YOU EAT N IC H O L S FOX Is science the answer to safe food?

4 Resurgence No. 196 September/October 1999 N o . 1 9 6 , S e p t e m b e r / O c t o b e r 1 9 9 9

4 4 POWER OF WILD P H IL IP VANN The paintings o f Shafique U d d in evoke an in tim a te kinship between all creatures.

F R O N T L I N E

R E G U L A R S

3 0 ORGANIC REVOLUTION H E L E N B R OW N IN G w i th S O PH IE K O Z IE L L The land is n o t ours. We should leave the land in good heart.

3 1 COMMUNITY COMPOSTING N IC K Y S C O T T W o rk in g w i th people.

3 3 EMPOWERING AWARDS STEW ART KEM P Celebrating those w ho are w o rk in g fo r a nuclear-free future.

2 DIDYMUS J O H N MOAT

6 WELCOME PAGE SA T ISH K UM A R

1 9 GOOD NEWS FOR GAIA L O R N A HOW A RTH

2 5 BUSINESS DIARY DAVID BOYLE

T I M E L E S S W I S D O M

2 6 LETTER FROM KEY WEST R O SA L IN D BRACKENBURY

3 6 THE LAND ETHIC D O N E L L A MEADOW S The profound insight o f A ld o Leopold has stood the test o f time.

3 7 A PHILOSOPHER OF WHOLENESS T S EA R D Z O E T H O U T The philosophy o f Spinoza is rooted in the realization o f wholeness and harmony.

3 9 CELTIC ECOLOGY T H O M A S R A IN CROW E The D ru id s were “ the wise ones o f the oak” .

A R T

4 2 ANIMAL SPIRIT LO U IS E CULLEN w i th ALEX W O O D C O C K Images are doorways to heightened perception o f the w orld .

2 7 , 4 1 POETRY W EN D E LL BERRY an d L IN D A F R A N C E

3 5 LETTER FROM AMERICA JAY WALLJASPER

4 8 LETTERS TO THE ED ITOR

4 9 RECIPES DANA SPOW ERS

R E V I E W S

5 0 LEARNING FROM THE EARTH MARY TASKER review s Ecological Education in Action Sustainable Development — First Annual

Report

5 1 SANE ECONOMY PAUL EK IN S review s Beyond the Dependency Culture Transforming Economic Life

53 LOCAL HEROES R U KM IN I S EK H A R review s Bapu Kuti: Journeys in Rediscovery o f Gandhi

5 5 HUNGRY GHOSTS IA N C O T T O N rev iew s The Economic Horror

5 6 ELEGANT ESSAYS L IN DSAY CLARKE review s Wormholes

5 7 POETRY OF SURVIVAL J O H N FOWLES Extract from Wormholes

5 8 COAST AND COUNTRYSIDE B R IG IT T E N O R L A N D review s Coast Countryside

5 9 ENCHANTING BEAUTY JO H N LANE review s Five Centuries o f Sienese Painting

60 R IN G OF POWER FR A N C E S H U T C H IN S O N review s Defending Middle-Earth Lost Civilizations o f the Stone Age

61 IN CASE YOU MISSED IT V IC T O R IA BAW TREE rev iew s The McDonaldization o f Society McDonaldization Revisited

63 STONES SPEAK CLIVE ADAMS review s Arch

HONEST LABELLING R O N SK IN N E R rev iew s Local Foodfor Local People

63 US BOOK ROUNDUP K IR K PA TR IC K SATE rev iew s O ff the Map Elements o f Refusal Technology as Magic

Resurgence No. 196 September/October 1999 5