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resurgence

E d i t o r : Satish Kumar M a n a g in g E d i t o r :

June Mitchell A r t E d i t o r : John Lane

P o e tr y E d i t o r : Maya Kumar Mitchell E d i t o r i a l A s s is ta n t

Angela Burke D e s ig n : David Baker Sub E d i t o r : Geoffrey Cooper

A s s o c ia te E d i t o r s :

Maurice Ash, Herbert Girardet, Jay Griffiths, Hazel Henderson, David Kingsley

James and Margaret Sainsbury

A d m in : Lynn Batten

T y p e s e t t in g : 1. D. Luckett, St. Austell, Cornwall

P r i n t e r : Kingfisher Print, Totnes, Devon

P a tro n s : Maurice Ash, Roger Franklin, Doug Tompkins,

Michael Watt, Louise White

L i f e S u b s c r ib e rs : Klaas and Lise Berkeley, Hermann Graf-Hatzfeld,

John Pontin ISSN 0034-5970

Agents and D is t r ib u to r s :

A u s tra l ia : Tasmanian Environment Centre, 102 Bathurst St., Hobart, Tasmania,

Australia, 7000. Tel: 03 6234 5566. Fax: 03 6234 5543.

A rm a il: Au.$90, Surface: Au.$75. Canada: Doormouse Distribution, 9 Davies Ave., Suite 202, Toronto,

Ontario, M4M 2A6. Japan: Global Village, 1-13-16 Noge,

Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158, Japan. Tel: +81 3 3705 0233. Fax: 3705 0255.

A rmail: ¥7,000, Surface: ¥5,500. P.O. transfer no. 00130-1-581675, name: Safia Minney (Resurgence). South Africa: Howard Dobson, SEEDS, PO Box 672, Noordhoek 7985, Cape Town.

Tel: (+ 27 21) 794 3318 or 789 2698

Airmail: R350, Surface: R280 U K : Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London, E9 5LN. Tel: 0181 986 4854. USA: Small Changes, 316 Terry Avenue North, PO Box 19046, Seattle, WA 98109. US Representative: Walt Blackford,

Resurgence, PO Box 404, Freeland,

WA 98249, USA.

Resurgence Website: http:// www.gn.apc.org/resurgence

CONTENTS

COVER Small Chestnut Tree in Summer Landscape by Ferdinand Hodler taken from Vienna Secession: the Century of Artistic Freedom 1898-1998, published by Prestel, Munich, New York, 1998, £13.95.

EARTH CHARTER To secure the w e ll-b e in g o f all life.

A U S T R A L I A

10 SPELL OF THE LAND SATISH K U M A R and JUNE M IT C H E L L D ia ry o f a jo u rn e y to Brisbane, Sydney and Tasmania.

14 IMAGES OF DREAMING V IC T O R IA K IN G A b o r ig in a l people consider themselves to be artists.

16 ART THAT CONNECTS M A T TH EW STURGIS A bo r ig in a l art carries the v iew e r in to the heart o f a landscape.

18 MORE PRECIOUS THAN GOLD JO H N CAM ERON A quest fo r minerals led to betrayal o f a mountain country.

F E A T U R E S

2 0 THE MONSANTO MACHINE JENN IF ER K A H N Monsanto is sowing the seeds o f destruction.

2 4 CREATIVE UNIVERSE THO M A S BERRY w i th T. R . CROWE We need to respond to the universe imaginatively.

2 6 R E T U R N OF THE SUBLIME D AV ID ROTHENBERG Seeing the sublime in a small mountain

3 6 TWO WOMEN OF THE SOIL

SOPHIE POKLEW SK I K O Z IE L L A tr ib u te to Lady Eve Balfour and Rachel Carson.

4 2 WILD IS BEAUTIFUL JAY GR IF F ITH S St. K ild a is under threat.

45 UNBOXING OURSELVES M A T T M A XW E L L We spend o u r days in one enclosure or another.

4 Resurgence No. 195 July/August 1999 N o . 1 9 5 , J u l y / A u g u s t 1 9 9 9

4 8 A TALE OF TWO LUNCHES JU DY G AH AG AN In Italy, fo od feeds the body and social relationships.

T E C H N O L O G Y

3 0 BLESSING O R BURDEN? N E IL POSTM AN Six searching questions.

N E W IDEAS

3 4 MEDIA AND THE MESSAGE D U N C A N SM IT H T he “ page 3 ” o f every newspaper should be the place fo r fa ir debate.

INTERVIEW

3 9 GOD AND EVOLUTION T H O R H E Y E R D A H L w i th FRED MATSER Nature its e lf is the greatest miracle.

R E G U L A R S

2 UP THE ELEPHANT AND ROUND THE CASTLE D A V ID N IC H O L SO N -L O R D

6 WELCOME PAGE SATISH K UM A R

23 GOOD NEWS FOR GAIA L O R N A HOW ARTH

"78 POEM R A IN E R

M A R IA R IL K E

2 9 BUSINESS DIARY SHEILA MOORCROFT

5 0 RECIPES D A N A SPOWERS

51 LETTERS TO THE ED ITOR

F R O N T L I N E

4 6 GREENING OF PORTLAND JAY WALLJASPER A c ity where you can w a lk to shops, cafes and parks.

R E V I E W S

52 ARROGANT TECHNOLOGY JO N A T H O N P O R R IT T reviews The Biotech Century

55 TRAVERSING THE GLOBE BOYD T O N K IN reviews About This Life

56 CULTURAL REVOLUTIONS JO H N E L K IN G T O N reviews The Penguin Book of Twentieth Century Protest

The Sixties Liberating the Corporate Soul The Ownership Solution Open Minds

58 A GLASS HALF EMPTY K A TH LEEN R A IN E reviews Ka. Studies of theMind and the Gods ofIndia

59 WHAT’S IN A NOVEL? L IN D SAY C LARKE reviews Lawrence DurrelhA Biography

60 BEING ENGLISH D AV ID BOYLE reviews The English:A Portrait The Life ofThomas More

61 UTOPIANS JUDY JONES reviews Living Lightly

61 FARMING P H IL IP CONFORD reviews AlternativeAgriculture

62 WEST MEETS EAST K URT H O F FM A N reviews Beyond the Darkness 62 RADICAL RELIGION C HR IS TO PHER T ITM USS reviews The Compassionate Revolution 63 WILD VALLEY TERRY G IF FORD reviews Fiber

63 ECOLOGY OF LOVE WALTER SCHWARZ reviews Riding theWind

Resurgence No. 195 July/August 1999 5